Philosophy for Children (P4C) develops critical, creative, caring and collaborative thinking.

It is practised in over 60 countries around the world and has a history stretching back over 40 years. The underlying principle is for children and young people to experience rational and reasonable dialogue about things that matter to them and their teachers. All participants work together in a Community of Inquiry.

The aim for each participant is to become clearer, more accurate, less self-contradictory and more aware of other arguments and values before reaching a conclusion.

P4C is why Challenging Learning is one of the leading innovators it is today. We have been using the approach with 3-19-year-olds since the early 1990s, and members of our team can be seen on various TV documentaries using the approach. We offer accredited training, support, online materials and keynote speeches about P4C. As Robert Sternberg, former president of the American Psychological Society, once said: “No program I am aware of is more likely to teach durable and transferable thinking skills than Philosophy for Children.”

Our courses on P4C cover these key topics:

  • How P4C is one of the very best ways to develop dialogue, thinking skills, metacognition and collaborative approaches to learning
  • The best questioning and facilitation techniques to ensure P4C supports students’ everyday learning
  • A guide to resources and inquiry structures so that P4C is relevant for students of all ages. This can include a complimentary subscription to p4c.com, the international resource and collaboration site for P4C that was co-founded by James Nottingham
  • The ways in which P4C can be used to develop a growth mindset; enhance student motivation and resilience; and how it links with the SOLO Taxonomy as well as metacognitive and higher order thinking skills
  • We offer demonstration lessons – give us any group of students and we will show you how effective P4C can be in developing critical, creative, caring and collaborative thinking
Best book to support your learning:

Challenging Learning Through Dialogue

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Further Reading

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Best book to support your learning:

Challenging Learning Through Dialogue

Read more

Further Reading

Best book to support your learning:

Challenging Learning Through Dialogue

Read more

Further Reading

Best book to support your learning

Challenging Learning Through Dialogue

Read more

Further Reading

The Learning Challenge
Learning Challenge Lessons Secondary
Learning Challenge Lessons Elementary
Challenging Learning Through Questioning (2020)

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